Tremadhevas yn Penceat.

psychogeographical interferonMyth Imago, the image of the idealized form of a myth creature.

Myth Imago, the image of the idealized form of a myth creature.

A Psychogeographical Intervention between Place and the Psychology of Lost

A Psychogeographical Intervention between Place and the Psychology of Lost with Jonathan Polkest and you if you succumb.

The Vicars Oak/ The Priests Oak
Crystal Palace Park Gates where the Inner Voice Radio guides the spiralling way goer.

The Vicars Oak is a name I would have associated with a fictional pub sign or Mrs Marples cinematic cycle drift through a forgotten British village, a feature looming into view over her handlebar mounted basket. In this Tremadhevas summoning Matthews the Hairy Man’s fauvist ghost I find Hauntology, Dementia and orchids and Dendrophilia, the branches of the nervous system that each season forget their death, shed leaves, bud and blossom automatically. The semantic sleight of tongue from vicar to priest and from priest to sacred grove honours a suspicion that the old oaks famously growing here in the Great North Woods  held their mystic grip on the ten year old William Blake’s innocent experience during his first vision at the foot of these tree filled ridges in Peckham Rye :

Hear the voice of the Bard !

Who present, past, and future sees;

Whose ears have heard

The Holy Word,

That walked among the ancient trees.

Leaving a trail of crumbs through Penge towards Gypsy Hill, one of many obstructed entrances to the Crystal Palace Park appears to be intended for cars, the spectator’s perspective is so much more appropriate to the broad sweep than the proscenium of the windshield. To my left there are the Didactic Mastic Dinosaurs of  Victoriana, ahead lies the patina of camouflaged concrete in the National Sports Centre – a post Soviet Athleticism placed among the folly of palace ruins, historical futures at odds with contemporary body beautiful gym culture. To the right of this vista can be seen some vestiges of the old North Wood coppicing through hewn granite slabs and then up the slope further the hastily erected terraces of the once Crystal Palace and the remnants of the Vicars Wood.

Blake saw trees filled with angels upon the Vicars Oak in Peckham Rye, the Great North Wood was a natural oak forest that covered most of the area of raised ground starting some four miles (6 km) south of central London, covering the Sydenham Ridge and the southern reaches of the River Effra and its tributaries. This part of the wood stretched almost as far as Croydon and as far north as Camberwell. Although walking through these areas now the forgotten nature of trees and their failure to remain static is in the place names: Norwood is a reminder of the former woodland nature of the area, and include South Norwood, Upper Norwood, West Norwood (known as Lower Norwood until 1885). Other local names that reflect its past include Woodside, Gipsy Hill, Forest Hill, Waldram Road (Weald), Sylvain Road, the Beulah Spa Tavern, Whitehorse Lane, and the Thurlow Arms. This is not Franconia, Grafton County, New Hampshire although an empathetic subterranean dendrophony prevails, Two paths diverged in this wood, and I took the one less travelled by,

And that has made all the difference. No yellow brick road, No ground frost, bread crumbs recalling such a yellow wood.

661 – King Cenwalh of Wessex invades Dumnonia. He is victorious at the Battle of Posbury. Saxon settlers found Somerset in Eastern Dumnonia. Death of the Wessex sub-King, Cenberht. He is probably succeeded by his son, Caedwalla. King Wulfhere of Mercia and his army sack the Berkshire Downs around Ashdown and move south to conquer the Meonware and the Isle of Wight. St. Wilfred is given Ripon Abbey by King Aldfrith of Northumbria. St. Eata is removed and Wilfred becomes Abbot. Death of Bishop Finan of Lindisfarne. He is later revered as a saint and succeeded by St. Colman. Caedwalla visited these parts of Kent again in 686, older, angrier and with a certain amount of unveiled ambition this time.


In 1853 Penge Hill was sold to the Crystal Palace Company for the re-erection of the Great Exhibition in Hyde Park in 1851. The Palace was opened by  the English monarch Queen Victoria in 1854.

The Crystal Palace Park as it is now known was once Penge Hill Park, Penge lies at the foot of the same ridge on the southern side and is described in the Domesday Book as a wood for 50 hogs which was anciently recorded under the name Penceat in a Saxon deed dating from 957. The name of the town is derived from the Celtic word Penceat which means “edge of wood” and refers to the fact that the surrounding area was once covered in a dense forest. The original Celtic words of which the name was composed referred to pen “head”, as in the Welsh pen, and ceat “wood”, similar to the Welsh coed, as in the name of the town of Pencoed in Wales.

The earliest surviving mention of the wood dates from assize records in 1272, and it was known to be owned by a family called Whitehorse  during the reign of King Edward III. When Oliver Cromwell seized it from the Archbishop of Canterbury it was measured to cover 830 acres (3.4 km2), containing but 9,200 oaken pollards. Timber was taken from the woodlands for use in the Royal Dockyard at Deptford as well for charcoal burning and building purposes.

The most notable of these trees was the Vicar’s Oak that marked the boundary of four ancient parishes; Lambeth, Camberwell, Croydon and a detached portion of Battersea parish containing the hamlet of Penge. The site of the tree is now the junction of Westow Hill and Anerley Hill at Crystal Palace Park, and remains the boundary of the modern boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark, Croydon and Bromley. John Aubrey referred to this “ancient remarkable tree” in the past tense as early as 1718, He set out to compile county histories of both Wiltshire and Surrey, although both projects remained unfinished. His “Interpretation of Villare Anglicanum” (also unfinished) was the first attempt to compile a full-length study of English place-names. He had wider interests in applied mathematics and astronomy, and was friendly with many of the greatest scientists of the day.but according to JB Wilson, the Vicar’s Oak survived until 1825.


Another oak tree that survived the depredations of the shipbuilders was the Question Oak at Westwood, Charles Spurgeon’s Bible College, under which he challenged his students to query theological matters.

In 1722, Daniel Defoe wrote of a “country being more open and more woody than any other part so near London, especially about Norwood, the parishes of Camberwell, Dullege and Luseme”.

By 1745, John Rocque’s map of London and its environs showed the woodland to be only 3 miles (4.8 km) wide, encroached by commons at Croydon, Penge, Streatham, Knight’s Hill, Dulwich and Westwood.

Much of the surviving woodlands were cleared and developed as a result of the 1797 Croydon Inclosure Act and sale of the late Lord Thurlow’s estates in 1806, although some substantial fragments remain, notably the nature reserves at Dulwich Wood and Sydenham Hill Wood

The Sense of Direction

On 11 August 1668, Samuel Pepys wrote of visiting fortune tellers in these woods “This afternoon my wife and Mercer and Deb went with Pelting to see the Gypsies at Lambeth, and have their fortunes told; but what they did, I did not enquire.” An encampment was recorded continuously there until broken up by police during the first enclosures.

As late as 1802, a hermit known as “Matthews the hairyman” lived in the wood in a cave or “excavated residence” within the woods. In 1803, Samuel Matthews – known as the “Dulwich Hermit” – was also murdered in Dulwich Woods; he was buried in Dulwich Old Cemetery.

Other recreational activities, such as the pleasure gardens at Knight’s Hill and the Spa on Beulah Hill, succumbed to the housebuilding boom of the Victorian era, eclipsed by The Crystal Palace.

One of many obstructed entrances around the Crystal Palace Park where forces rage between tree trunk and brick bat, roaming roots and footings, leaf mould and riser, many charming obstacles, spectacles and subverted ways present themselves to the spiralling silveologist, unlike a dérive Tremadhevas is a circular journey through a landscape, on which the subtle aesthetic contours of the surrounding architecture and geography subconsciously direct the travellers, with the ultimate goal of encountering an entirely new and authentic experience.

Not all individuals could be classified as "Lost"

A mode of experimental free-formed passage linked to the conditions of urban society: a technique of  psychogeography through varied ambiances adrift upon the spiral. The tremadhevas is an experience of sensitised components, responding to circulation, bias and conduction. In such quercy woodland, structured arboretal species are seen and sensed through smell, through hearing and by going about on foot. The wind and the movement of air and breath is a prevailing element, carrying pollen, spores animal scent and insects and smoke from both woodlander and diesel. The sudden stop and go of the squirrel, the wary birds the defacating dogs with their performing owners, the shouts from a parkland game and overhead choir of Pratt and Whitney, turboprop Rolls Royce engines, the high altitude grounching aerolons being prized from their frozen slumber to anticipatory landing position. Up there through the fog punches the dominant BBC Crystal Palace transmitting tower 219 metres (719 ft) wind blows the Eolian arced cables, there are men up there on balconies tapping at the dizzying steel constructed in the mid-1950s among the ruins of the Crystal Palace. We are below them looking up from the ruins of the Aquarium destroyed in 1941 during the demolition of the Palace’s north water tower. John Logie Baird’s earlier transmitter and TV studios were at the other end of the Palace and perished with it in 1936.       Inner Voice Radio.

Based on the idea that there are numerous unrealized futures deriving from past points in history, Hauntology makes us nostalgic for a future that never was.  Therefore as a conscientious act I choose not to peel potatoes not because such an act would defy the promulgations of Joseph Beuys who stated “every sphere of human activity, Even peeling a potato can be a work of art as long as it is a conscious act.”

But that such an act would be a Tremadhevas Vean, a parallel spiral activity that could deprive the recipient of essential information received via the tuber skin about the earth in which it grew.

How do people stay "Found"

The idea being that every decision should be contemplated autonomously in an attempt to make or contribute to a collaborative work of art which one feels positively collaborative in value and comprehension. Social sculpture is a specific example of the extended concept of art, that was advocated by Joseph Beuys. Beuys introduced the term Social Sculpture to illustrate his idea of art’s potential to transform society. As an artwork it includes human activity, that strives to structure and shape society or the environment. The central idea of a social sculptor is an artist, who creates structures in society using language, thought, action, and object.

Getting "Unturned Around"

During the 1960s  Beuys formulated his central theoretical concepts concerning the social, cultural and political function and potential of art. Influenced by Romantic writers such as Novalis and Schiller, Beuys was motivated by a belief in the potential for art to bring about revolutionary change.

In 1982 He delivered a pile of basalt stones. From above one could see that the pile of stones formed a large arrow pointing to a single oak tree that he had planted. He announced that the stones should not be moved unless an oak tree was planted in the new location of the stone. 7,000 oak trees were then planted in Kassel, Germany. This project exemplified the idea that a social sculpture was defined as interdisciplinary and participatory.

This translated into Beuys’s formulation of the concept of social sculpture, in which society as a whole was to be regarded as one great work of art (the Wagnerian Gesamtkunstwerk) to which each person can contribute creatively (perhaps Beuys’s most famous phrase, borrowed from Novalis, is ‘Everyone is an artist.

Using Folk Wisdom

My Inner Voice Radio led me into many portals and ways that would orthodoxically be considered obstructed I wish to reassess the logic of obstruction in the direct conceit of autonomous, assumed will and control.

The Treason of Logic.

The individual. Individuality and well educated decisions are promoted in the person while the government is made of those decisions put into referendums. A forest of decisions, some are copicing, others in bud, some are subsuming others as parasitical entanglement. Dendrophiles and Silvologists are not swayed by the avarice of power, they would not allow the egocentric meanderings of a sixty year old braindead wannabe hellbent on restructuring the history of their own assumed magnificence to impose their threats on the inner voice radio of the Tremadhevas.

Radio Llais Mewnol

Oak* (Quercus robur)

A richly-coloured dark brown wood. Brown oak has a very earthy feel, and is useful for grounding. Oak is considered sacred by various cultures, but it was held in particular esteem by the Norse and Celts because of its size, longevity, and nutritious acorns. The oak is frequently associated with Gods of thunder and lightening such as Zeus, Thor, and the Lithuanian God Perkunas. This association may be due to the oak’s habit of being hit by lightening during storms. Specific oak trees have also been associated with the ‘Wild Hunt’, which is led by Herne in Britain and by Wodin in Germany. In general, oak can be used in spells for protection, strength, success and stability.

Anyone who spends enough time in the woods, will, sooner or later be Lost.

Herne Hill is seen distantly from the high banked retaining walls of the bus terminus in Crystal Palace and perhaps from the top deck of the number three.

Sometime a keeper here in Windsor Forest,

Doth all the winter-time, at still midnight,

Walk round about an oak, with great ragg’d horns;

And there he blasts the tree, and takes the cattle,

And makes milch-kine yield blood, and shakes a chain

In a most hideous and dreadful manner.

You have heard of such a spirit, and well you know

The superstitious idle-headed eld

Receiv’d, and did deliver to our age,

This tale of Herne the Hunter for a truth.

—  William Shakespeare, The Merry Wives of Windsor

An important component of any realm of knowledge is "knowing what you know", termed Meta-Knowledge or Mata-Cognition.

On Wednesday, 18th of April 2012

BBC One, ITV 1, Channel 4 and Channel 5 will STOP transmitting on analogue. This marks the END of all analogue television transmissions in the London area. The ruins of a structure dedicated to performance or exhibition seem doubly void of all presence. I have recently been accompanied by an urban fox whilst painting the floor of a theatre stage during the night and I have often painted or worked on theatrical sets during the hours when there is less division between this world and any other, partly in defiance of the provenance in such tales of inexplicable phenomena, partly an attraction to the Hauntological. The soul of a theatre is absence, even the antique Greek theatres are so architecturally advanced that their geometry outweighs any sense of a rogue spirit, a gremlin or an interrupting presence. Such places exist for the performance and so it is with The Exhibition Centre Crystal Palace A special building, nicknamed The Crystal Palace, or “The Great Shalimar” built to house the show.

Subverted Portals in Decision Making

Designed by Joseph Paxton with support from structural engineer Charles Fox, the committee overseeing its construction including Isambard Kingdom Brunel, and went from its organisation to the grand opening in just nine months. The building was architecturally adventurous, drawing on Paxton’s experience designing greenhouses for the sixth Duke of Devonshire. It took the form of a massive glass house, 1851 feet (about 564 metres) long by 454 feet (about 138 metres) wide and was constructed from cast iron-frame components and glass made almost exclusively in Birmingham and Smethwick. From the interior, the building’s large size was emphasized with trees and statues; this served, not only to add beauty to the spectacle, but also to demonstrate man’s triumph over nature, it is a matter of interest to note contemporary elements of nature breaking up the dressed granite slabs of the footings and foundation blocks, trees growing from statue bases and ivy tendrils prizing apart masonry.

The desire to move through objects or manifestations both impermeable and volatile is cultivated as a primary reaction in the human will, the assumed approval to achieve, to conquer, to colonise and exploit is considered a rational process of survival. A blockage is a disruption unless that blockage can be revoked by way of conversion to become a distraction and a distraction can be interpreted as a way-shower, signage or semiphore. Theatricality often involves masking in order to visually cancel out anything that interferes with composition, masking can render objects and performers invisible, they are as if Schroders cat – no longer existing as long as they remain behind the masking, what form they actually take behind the masking we do not know and in the knowledge that enquiring will alter the narrative of the performance we can decide to informally  intervene or to reciprocate with the formality by remaining in perspective – a prefixed vantage point framing the composition.

What is a "Lost" person?

The Crystal Palace BBC transmitter contributes elements of permeability to the Tremadhevas both in the knowledge that transmissions are almost silently emminating from the dominant steel structure, that a shadow will move with the sun cycle and that a perceptible auditory passage of air will fluctuate according to wind speed and background traffic. There have been many contemporary concerns regarding the effect of radiation levels on residents and visitors in the Crystal Palace Area. The area was in 686 conquered by Caedwalla of Wessex; within a year, Caedwalla’s brother Mul was burned alive in a  revolt. The notable mixed cultures of settlers in the fifth and sixth centuries and connections with Frankish culture continued to be reflected in several uniquely Kentish cultural features, although not Franconia, New Grafton perhaps a near Saxonian Weald, the hamlet of free peasant cultivators, not the nucleated village, the inheritance pattern of kindred’s common right called gavelkind, and the dominant landscape pattern of the uniquely Kentish lathes, each with its share in the forested Weald, four lathes of East Kent centred on Wye, Canterbury, Lympne and Eastry, and three in West Kent, administered from Rochester.

The Book of Shang Shu, written in the western Zhou Dynasty states; Water moistens downward, fire flares upwards,wood can be bent and straightened,, metal can be moulded and hardened,Earth which is sweet permits sowing, growing and reaping

Sense-Perception, Knowledge and Tabula Rasa.

Plato believed that we learn in life by remembering knowledge originally acquired in a previous life, and that the soul already has all knowledge, and we learn by recollecting what in fact the soul already knows. The Imperial War Museum Originally housed in the Crystal Palace at Sydenham Hill, the museum opened to the public in 1920. In 1924 the museum moved to space in the Imperial Institute in South Kensington, and finally in 1936 the museum acquired a permanent home which was previously the Bethlem Royal Hospital in Southwark. Today the museum gives its mission as “to enable people to have an informed understanding of war and its impact on individuals and society” .

In the 9th century the area was afflicted, along with the rest of north-western Europe, by the attacks of Scandinavian Vikings. An inland position shielded coastal raiding, so that it was not normally troubled except by the largest and most ambitious Scandinavian armies. In 851 an exceptionally large invasion force of Danes arrived in the mouth of the Thames on a fleet of about 350 ships, which would have carried over 15,000 men. Having sacked Canterbury and London and defeated King Beorhtwulf of Mercia in battle, the Danes crossed the Thames and were reputably slaughtered by a West Saxon army led by King Aethelwulf in the Battle of Aclea, bringing the invasion to an end. Caedwalla’s later anger at the destruction of his installed “mule” brother is yet to palpably abate even with the continuous reduction in forestry plantation. Walking through the Grand Central Walk heading towards Penge on a bright spring day, the tall over arching poplar trees with their shrieking population of Green Parakeets yet to be concealed by oncoming leaves conspire to form a cathederal of filigree and light, strongly lit with contrasting shadow I see the archetypical modern father holding his sons hand as they make their way towards Thicket Road, I can sense the father consciously experiencing a moment that will contribute towards a montage of personal recollections, the bright sunshine, the birds calling and flying about, a moment of shared continuity for father and son, except that I am suddenly aware of a disparate situation between child and adult, in part from the childs physical attitude, the adult is reassured by the stereotypical elements which relate to actual or desirable parts of his own childhood. Suddenly my own perception of the bright sunlight, tall trees and the swooping birds reverts to fragmentary recollections of fear of unknown sounds, unfamiliar actions.

Between 1933 and 1936 the most extensive television complex in Europe was located beneath the main concourse at the Crystal Palace in London, a fact even then unknown by most people, the instigator was John Logie Baird.

After the Great Exhibition of 185 the unique prefabricated glass building housing it was re-erected near Penge in south London and became known as the Crystal Palace. The Crystal Palace & South London Junction Railway (CP&SLJR) was backed by the LC&DR and was absorbed by that company when it opened in 1865. The established LB&SCR route to the Low Level station (opened in 1854), however, also provided direct access to the Palace and it is existing stations were relatively close to those on this branch so traffic was sparse. In 1910 trains ran every half hour from either Victoria or Moorgate with 30 minutes allowed to cover the 9_ miles from Victoria. The branch was closed between January 1917 and March 1919 and again between May 1944 and March 1946. The Palace itself burnt down in 1936 and the line closed to all traffic in 1954.

Herne is temporarily represented on a stone piller in the park.

Inspired by Joseph Paxton’s design of Crystal Palace, Brunel hired the same contractors, Fox, Henderson, to build a three-span iron and glass structure for Paddington, which would be 700 feet long and 240  feet wide, with a 102  feet wide centre span, a 68 feet south span and 70 feet north span. It consisted of 189 wrought-iron arched ribs with 12 diagonals supporting the transept roofs and 69 identical cast iron columns erected in three rows. Blurring boundaries The ridge and the historic oak tree known as The Vicars Oak (located at the present-day crossroads of the A212 Church Road and A214 Westow Hill) were used to mark parish boundaries. This has led to the Crystal Palace area straddling the boundaries of five London Boroughs; Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham. The area also straddles at least three postcode districts SE19 , SE20 , and SE26 . The ancient boundary between Surrey and Kent passes through the area and from 1889 to 1965 the area lay on the south eastern boundary of the County of London. It included parts of Kent and Surrey until 1889 and then parts of Kent, London and Surrey between 1889-1965.

Twelve Oil paintings date from Camille Pissarro's stay in Norwood.

The minimum requirement for establishing an acknowledged fact.

Being “Lost”within a Tremadhevas, is the ultimate point of departure between and through layers of recognizable corporeal way showing features such as blocked up doorways, obscured signage and obstructed gates. The Tremadhevas Dancer is all the more positive in discovering directive signage, non hostile iconography among the  haunted channels of fictional characters who lost their way, wandered blindly from myth, fairytale or novel. Some have migrated from history to non-fiction, from non fiction to fiction and from history to mythology. Authors and dream weavers have wandered far into the forest and kept on walking in circles until they arrive at the unlost, the place where they started. The place we they started has gone forever, thus the wanderer walks through it in search of the authentic, ever spiralling and passing nearby like a meteor in the twighlit sky, concentric discoveries seem familiar less familiar more familiar compared to this and compared to that. Disorientation with Hans Christian Anderson, Caedwaleder, Daniel Defoe, Robert Frost, Brunel, Logie Baird, Dickens and Twain.

The Tunnel Through Sydenham Woods, Crystal Palace

Camille Pissarro was born on the island of St.Thomas on the 10th of July 1830 , at age 40 in 1870 he moved to the Great North Woods (Norwood) where he challenged the British art scene with his Impressionism, he writes that; “my painting doesn’t catch on, not at all..” to Parisien art dealer and confidant Theodore Duret. Monet lived in London at that time and the two made contact through Paul Durand-Ruel, Monet and Pissarro critically engaged with the work of John Constable and J.M.W.Turner. Painting landscapes of Sydenham and Norwoods.

Sincerity is a Non-Value in Art

Sincerity is a Non-Value in Art.  Form is limitless. Are these the sort of things a Lost Person thinks about in the Woods ?

The Subversive Portal;discontinued way showing

The Subversive Portal;discontinued way showing

The Subversive Portal;The Hidden Interloper

The Subversive Portal;The Hidden interloper

The Subversive Portal

The Subversive Portal

Being lost in Space, being Lost at Sea or Being Lost in the Woods, each category carries a unique characteristic and some would class or rate each situation in terms of risk. The lost person, (an infant ) who wanders alone into the edge of a suburban wood is then susceptible to the contrast of the Exterior/ Interior experience, the Ulterior context of nature as provider and exterminator, The Unknown in the Familiar. A motorist is lost in the city but this is a much more managed condition, there are hazards but they are less mythological in their potency, motorists are a major source of Government Revenue and commercial accumen from satnav instrumentation, bus lane fines, emergency service providers, as yet the mythical woods are less likely to be harbingers of Starbucks Coffee services. The same could be said about the Sea but this is a far more risky undertaking and relies upon local and specialist knowledge for anything other than a desperate interlude. The “Idea” of being lost in the woods is a situation with a focused set of mostly literary parameters, going about on foot widens the spectrum of behaviour and emotional reactions in such terrain. Long Distance walkers may pride themselves on making good time with their lightweight walking shoes and pedometers but even with the most detailed ordnance survey maps it is possible to be disorientated for long enough to be “turned about”. In actual fact it is quite difficult for anyone to seriously consider themselves as lost but the definition of lost refers to the situation of the afflicted person not knowing where they are – but also having no effective means of finding out where they are, these people are both Lost and possibly Missing.

Spatially Disorientated without means of Reorientation.

Spatially Disorientated without means of Reorientation.

The Lost Person has no means of Reorientating himself, he cannot identify his present location.

Reason may question the viability of those who remain lost in a more abstract sense as a psychological condition or a person suffering from dementia in a more clinically symptomatic sense. Such a person may not respond to the way showing signage or the meta signage of the domesticated landscape: the non functioning gate, the path that leads to an abrupt end, the bricked up door or the obstructed stairway. Being “Lost” through loss of spatial orientation and lacking the means to re orientate is a situation that defies the logic of many such peoples who constantly move around in environments, going from new place to unknown place without being “Lost”.

Resetting the internal directional field.

Resetting the internal directional field.

Resetting the orientation; being corrected or deflected, becoming “Found”. Where I was born and raised could be classified as a maritime community and environment, many of the native habitant’s of the small islands were confident in their abilities to “know” their way when going about in marine craft between hazardous rocks, ledges and submerged sand flats, conditions vary according to the tides and wind conditions being carried by the Atlantic Ocean’s key Southwesterly weather front. Fog, mist and powerful Atlantic storms were major hazards to shipping in that vIcinity, so much the case that Dava Sobell’s book Longitude correctly refers to the Isles of Scilly 1707 as the definitive moment for the enhancement of time honoured navigating using Dead Reckoning into a concise method of plotting position using Longitude and Latitude.

The story refers to one of the Royal Navy ratings keeping their own private log of the H.M.S.Association’s movement through the Bay of Biscay, an act which regardless of its popularity among the sailors was forbidden. Just as the Association was on the brink of foundering off the Isles of Scilly in dense fog and stormy conditions, our protaganist steps forward to reveal his formulea to Admiral Clowdisley Shovell, naturally the sailor is ignored and punished moments before the entire Mediterranean fleet founder on the western rocks off Scilly. The sailor was proported to have been a Scillonian inhabitant, highly likely as the majority of native born sons went away to sea. It is also reported that the sailor could smell the unmistakable oddour of Kelp (seaweed) burning, a Scillonian occupation for many decades and that such a faintly discernible but disagreeable smell can awaken the olefactory senses comes as no surprise to one who has also caught a whiff of the thick white smoke that rises up from burning oarweed. Many maritime cultures have developed ways of navigating the waters using their perceptive faculties. By some curious coincidence, Radar used in aircraft as well as maritime navigation was in actual fact a spin-off of John Logie Bairds Television experiments at Crystal Palace.

Random Travelling;The Path of Least Resitance.

Random Travelling;The Path of Least Resitance.

Re engaging with sensory orientation faculties.

Re engaging with sensory orientation faculties.

Physiological and cognitive components stimulating the limbic function.

Physiological and cognitive components stimulating the limbic function.

On February 9, 1928, Hartsdale USA became the birthplace of the American Couch Potatoe when the Scottish inventor John Logie Baird (1888–1946) transmitted the world’s first inter-continental short wave television signal from a transmitter (call sign 2KZ) in nearby Surrey (a suburb of London) to his colleague O. G. Hutchinson in the cellar of Robert M. Hart, an amateur radio operator (call sign 2CVJ) in Hartsdale. John Logie Baird lived in Crystal Palace on the edge of Sydenham Wood, the BBC transmitter continues to dominate both spatially and invisibly,the Great North Wood extended to Coulsden where an ancient Crocus Growing plantation harvesting Saffron was, in tandem with Safron Walden in Essex providing the essential substance for medical, nutritional and textile purposes.

John Logie Baird moved to Sydenham in 1933 and Baird Television Limited moved from Long Acre to the Crystal Palace in July 1933.

John Logie Baird moved to Sydenham in 1933 and Baird Television Limited moved from Long Acre to the Crystal Palace in July 1933. Of particular interest to Baird, BTL and their new technical director, former BBC and EMI engineer Captain A D G West – and presumably the main reason for moving there – was the southern of the two water towers 1068 feet apart at either end of the site.
Built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the towers were 275 feet high and afforded an extensive view for miles around – and the South Tower was an ideal location for VHF transmissions, which are essentially line-of-sight. VHF or better is necessary to get the required bandwidth for high-definition television images.
Aerials at the top of the tower, 680 feet above sea level and in sight of seven counties, were installed to transmit high-resolution pictures, and the company transferred its experimental GPO licences from other locations.
To avoid any potential political problems, the GPO actually consulted the BBC on the transfer: the BBC's Sir John Reith approved as long as nothing was broadcast that looked like a public, independent TV service. He was to be disappointed

John Logie Baird moved to Sydenham in 1933 and Baird Television Limited moved from Long Acre to the Crystal Palace in July 1933. Of particular interest to Baird, BTL and their new technical director, former BBC and EMI engineer Captain A D G West – and presumably the main reason for moving there – was the southern of the two water towers 1068 feet apart at either end of the site.

Built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, the towers were 275 feet high and afforded an extensive view for miles around – and the South Tower was an ideal location for VHF transmissions, which are essentially line-of-sight. VHF or better is necessary to get the required bandwidth for high-definition television images.

Aerials at the top of the tower, 680 feet above sea level and in sight of seven counties, were installed to transmit high-resolution pictures, and the company transferred its experimental GPO licences from other locations.

To avoid any potential political problems, the GPO actually consulted the BBC on the transfer: the BBC’s Sir John Reith approved as long as nothing was broadcast that looked like a public, independent TV service. He was to be disappointed.

The Vision Transmitter of the Inner Voice Radio

The Vision Transmitter of the Inner Voice Radio

The remains of the South Tower

The existence of a fully equipped television broadcasting station in the Crystal Palace was the great surprise which Mr J.L.Baird sprang upon the world - Saturday February 24th 1935

Between February and June 1935 , over forty transmissions were made to various locations in London. In November the first of the dual standard sets, the T5  made its debut at the Press Club for a special 240 line transmission which featured Leonard Henry. The BBC had closed down the earlier 30 line service in September and the opening of Alexandra Palace was still twelve months away, these were the only examples of live television in Britain.

Victor Turner

Turner, who is considered to have “re-discovered the importance of liminality”,In 1967 he published his book The Forest of Symbols, which included an essay entitled Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites of Passage. Within the works of Turner, liminality began to wander away from its narrow application to ritual passages in small-scale societies.In the various works he completed while conducting his fieldwork amongst the Zambian  Ndembu people, he made numerous connections between tribal and non-tribal societies, “sensing that what he argued for the Ndembu had relevance far beyond the specific ethnographic context’s”. He became aware that liminality “…served not only to identify the importance of in-between periods, but also to understand the human reactions to liminal experiences: the way liminality shaped personality, the sudden foregrounding of agency, and the sometimes dramatic tying together of thought and experience”.

‘The attributes of liminality or of liminal personae (“threshold people”) are necessarily ambiguous’.One’s identity can dissolve to some extent, bringing about disorientation, but also the possibility of new perspectives. Turner posits that, if liminality is regarded as a time and place of withdrawal from normal modes of social action, it potentially can be seen as a period of scrutiny for central values and axioms of the culture where it occurs. – one where normal limits to thought, self-understanding, and behavior are undone. In such situations, “the very structure of society [is] temporarily suspended”

‘According to Turner, all liminality must eventually dissolve, for it is a state of great intensity that cannot exist very long without some sort of structure to stabilize it…either the individual returns to the surrounding social structure…or else liminal communities develop their own internal social structure, a condition Turner calls “normative communitas”‘.

"normative communitas"'.

A Forest of Symbols

A Forest of Symbols

Roberto Esposito

In 1998, Italian philosopher Roberto Esposito published a book under the name Communitas challenging the traditional understanding of this concept. It was translated in English in 2010. (Tim Cambell) In this book, Esposito offers a very different interpretation of the concept of communitas based on etymological analysis of the word: “Community isn’t a property, nor is it a territory to be separated and defended against those who do not belong to it. Rather, it is a void, a debt, a gift to the other that also reminds us of our constitutive alterity with respect to ourselves.” He goes on with his “deconstruction” of the concept of communitas:

“From here it emerges that communitas is the totality of persons united not by “property” but precisely by an obligation or a debt; not by an “addition” but by a “substration”: by a lack, a limit that is configured as an onus, or even as a defective modality for him who is “affected”, unlike for him who is instead “exempt” or “exempted”. Here we find the final and most characteristic of the opposition associated with (or that dominate) the alternative between public and private. those in other words that contrast communitas to immunitas. If communis is he who is required to carry out the functions of an office―or to the donation of a grace―on the contrary, he is called immune who has to perform no office, and for that reason he remains ungrateful. He can completely preserve his own position through a vacatio muneris. Whereas the communitas is bound by the sacrifice of the compensatio, the immunitas implies the beneficiary of the dispensatio.”

“Therefore the community cannot be thought of as a body, as a corporation in which individuals are reflected in each other so as to confirm their initial identity; as a collective bond that comes at a certain point to connect individuals that before were separate. The community isn’t a mode of being, much less a “making” of the individual subject. It isn’t the subject’s expansion or multiplication but its exposure to what interrupts the closing and turns it inside out: a dizziness, a syncope, a spasm in the continuity of the subject.

Vodou Lwa and his Veve

Vodou Lwa and his Veve

Hollowing in the Geistzone

Hollowing in the Geistzone

Mythago Wood details
Mythago Wood details
Abyssal Chthonic Resonator

Abyssal Chthonic Resonator

Time–space compression (also known as space–time convergence) is a term used to describe processes that seem to accelerate the experience of time and reduce the significance of distance during a given historical moment. Geographer David Harvey used the term in THE CONDITION OF POSTMODERNITY, with reference to “processes that revolutionize the objective qualities of space and time” .Anthony Giddens introduced a similar but slightly differentiated term, time–space distantiation.

Time-space compression often refers to technologies that seem to accelerate or elide spatial and temporal distances, including technologies of communication (telegraph, telephones, fax machines, Internet), travel (rail, cars, trains, jets) and economics (the need to overcome spatial barriers, open up new markets, speed up production cycles, and reduce the turn-over time of capital). According to theorists such as PAUL VIRILIO time-space compression represents an essential facet of contemporary life: “Today we are entering a space which is speed-space … This new other time is that of electronic transmission, of high-tech machines, and therefore, man is present in this sort of time, not via his physical presence, but via programming” (qtd. in Decron 71). Virilio also uses the term Dromology to describe “speed-space.” The present moment, which some would characterize as Post Modern, presents one example of an historical period marked by time-space compression.

Theorists generally identify two historical periods in which time-space compression occurred: the period from the mid-19th century to the beginnings of the First World War, and the end of the twentieth century. In both of these time periods, according to Jon May and Nigel Thrift, “there occurred a radical restructuring in the nature and experience of both time and space … both periods saw a significant acceleration in the pace of life concomitant with a dissolution or collapse of traditional spatial co-ordinates”


Time–space compression (also known as space–time convergence)

The integral accident;Paul Virilio.

Technology cannot exist without the potential for accidents. For example, the invention of the locomotive also contained the invention of derailment. Virilio sees the Accident as a rather negative growth of Social Positivism and Scientific Progress. The growth of technology, namely Television, separates us directly from the events of real space and real time. We lose wisdom, lose sight of our immediate horizon and resort to the indirect horizon of our dissimulated environment. From this angle, the Accident can be mentally pictured as a sort of “fractal meteorite” whose impact is prepared in the propitious darkness, a landscape of events concealing future collisions. Even ARISTOTLE  claimed that “there is no science of the accident,” but Virilio disagrees, pointing to the growing credibility of Simulators designed to escape the accident — an industry born from the unholy marriage of post-WW2 science and the military industrial complex. A good example of Virilio’s integral accident is Hurricane Katrina and the disastrous events that followed, which brought the eyes of the world upon a single nexus of time and place. From his article on Katrina, “Ah ouai, ce méchant vent, vent qui siffle, siffle. Tout le monde regarde, c’est sur toutes les chaînes, c’est l’émission dont le monde parle. Et c’est tellement, tellement mouillé la bas.” Roughly translated, “Oh yeah, that nasty wind, wind that blows, blows. The whole world is watching, it’s on every station, it’s the program the world is talking about. And it’s so, so soggy, down there.”

Ancient Archetypal Places

Ancient Archetypal Places

I don’t put the Great North Woods, Penge (sexy penge) or crystal palace park into the sort of categories used or defined as Edgelands, I like the word association that hints at a limnal “England”, I recognise very clearly the terrain described in the excellent book by Michael Roberts and Paul Farley, Edgelands are everywhere for some of us, I thought it was just alienation and you could say theres a very important part of the experience of walking and drifting, maybe its just a highly unmanageable sense of curiosity.  The edgelands are a complex landscape; a debatable zone, constantly reinventing themselves as economic and social tides come in and out. If parts of remote rural Britain feel timeless, then the edgelands feel anything but. Revisit an edgelands site you haven’t seen for six months, and likely as not there will be a Victorian factory knocked down, a business park newly built, a section of waste ground cleared and landscaped, a pre-war warehouse abandoned and open to the elements. Such are the constantly shifting sands of edgelands that any writing about these landscapes is a snapshot. There is no definitive description of the edgelands of Swindon or Wolverhampton – only an attempt to celebrate and evoke them at one particular time.

Damballah Wedo's hide.

Damballah Wedo's hide.

A meeting up of histories and imaginations.

A meeting up of histories and imaginations.

Desire Constructions

Desire Constructions

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